Cotsen Friday Seminar Series: The Oracle Sanctuary of Apollo at Abai/Kalapodi (Phokis, Greece)
The Oracle Sanctuary of Apollon at Abai/Kalapodi (Phokis, Greece) Cult Continuity from the Late Bronze Age to the Roman Imperial Period Wolf-Dietrich Niemeier Director, German Archaeological Institute in Athens (DAI)
April 13, 2012 04:00 PM
April 13, 2012 06:00 PM
April 13, 2012
from 04:00 pm to 06:00 pm
|Where||Fowler Museum Bldg., Room A222|
|Contact Name||Catherine Pratt|
|Add event to calendar||
Continuity of discontinuity in Greek religion is today a highly controversial topic. Whereas the great Swedish scholar Martin P. Nilsson was of the firm conviction that the Greek religion of the 1st millennium B.C. had its roots in the Minoan-Mycenaean religion of the 2nd millennium B.C., and that the history of a number of Greek sanctuaries goes back to the 2nd millennium B.C., some influential present day scholars (F. de Polignac, J. Whitley, I. Morris) disagree and see a complete break between the 2nd and 1st millennia B. C.
Important new evidence concerning this question has recently come to light in the oracle sanctuary of Apollon of Abai in ancient eastern Phokis, near the village of Kalapodi. A sequence of eight temples has been excavated, which demonstrates cult continuity at this place from at least the 14th century B.C. to the Roman Imperial period. Moreover, many important finds were made in these temples, among them seals and cult statuettes of the Mycenaean period, a primitive wooden cult image (xoanon) of the 8th century B.C., one of the earliest wall-paintings of the Archaic period with a combat scene of the middle of the 7th century B.C. and many votives in situ, which provide essential information about ritual and cult in these temples in the different periods.